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The fourth government2010-01-21 10:59
The event that was so longed-for within two months and a half by the political establishment of Russia and the Caucasus, as well as the whole host of experts, has occurred at last: it was the appointment of "a person responsible for the state of affairs in the North Caucasus" announced by President of Russia Dmitriy Medvedev last year on November 12. One should remember that horns were locked many times both about the potential candidate for the "governance" and about the scheme of the regional management, for it had been clearly stated that the person would "give instructions to the ministers and governors". Those experts that supposed that the North Caucasus would be separated from
the South Federal district turned out to be right; otherwise the structure would be simply unmanageable.
Turning the national republics and Stavropolskiy region into a new, North-Caucasian, federal district did not cause any surprise, while appointing the former governor of Krasnoyarskiy region Alexander Khloponin Vice prime minister of the government and Presidential ambassador in the region turned out to be a surprise for many people. The point is that the governor of the Krasnoyarskiy region was never mentioned among the possible candidacies, while there were a lot of variants: from Dmitriy Kozak, former Presidential ambassador in the South federal district, to the current President of the Chechen republic Ramzan Kadyrov. There were rather unexpected persons as well, such as, for instance, Deputy Head of the Kremlin Administration Vladislav Surkov. Nevertheless, considering the wide choice, it was clear that the person of the new "Caucasian governor" would surprise many people, and this was exactly what happened.
One should realize, however, that this post is not "fatal", as many experts forecast; still, it is a rather complicated one. Besides the bunch of the current problems in the North Caucasus, the vice prime-minister responsible for the region will anyway have to pay attention to the situation behind the Caucasian mountain ridge. The fact that a civilian has been appointed to this post means that the Russian government is going to mend its relationship with the southern neighbours peacefully. It is obvious that up to this point, the policy conducted in the South Federal district has not been very smooth. On one side, there is the fuss about Sochi and the preparation to the 2014 Olympic Games; on the other side, there is Chechnya, which looks almost peaceful against the background of the situation, and on the third side, there is the problematic Dagestan. I believe that the isolation of the North Caucasus into a separate region will enable to concentrate upon the decision of the current problems, i.e. Khloponin is practically going to take up the post of a crisis manager. One should think that it was his profound experience in this field that became one of the basic arguments in his favor.