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What Karabakh “roadmap” will show2010-02-19 17:12
Kazakhstan as the OSCE chair is ready to propose a Nagorno Karabakh conflict settlement plan to Armenia and Azerbaijan. It is not clear yet what the so-called "roadmap" will include since neither side agreed to concessions in public. It is believed that the document will focus on social and humanitarian aspects of people's life in the unquiet zone.
Kazakh FM Kanat Saudabaev announced creation of the roadmap to settle the Karabakh conflict after his visits to Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia that helped him see positive changes in positions of the sides.
"A comprehensive and straightforward exchange of opinions" with Azerbaijani president Ilkham Aliev and Armenian leader Serge Sarksyan produced "a priceless vision and understanding of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict", Kazakh FM says.
Saudabaev also calls on parliamentarians of OSCE member states to use their eloquence "to overcome mistrust between states and people". "Your words and persuasions will help people on all sides of the conflict to see how important it is to stop confrontation and start cooperation and peaceful coexistence", - OSCE current chairman said.
Recently the activities around the so-called Minsk group spearheading the OSCE's effort to settle Nagorny Karabakh conflict resumed catalyzed by the thaw in Armenian-Turkish relations that Turkey links with the Karabakh issue solution.
On January 25 the presidential meeting between two hostile Transcaucasian states took place in Sochi mediated by Russian leader Dmitry Medvedev.
Contrary to great expectations the talks at the Black Sea Coast have had no effect on solving the territorial and ethnic conflict around Armenian-populated lands in Azerbaijan. In follow-up of the meeting Russian FM Sergey Lavrov stated: "There is common understanding of the Preamble to Madrid principles".
However the text of the preamble remains unknown to the public, and the principles arouse criticism in Stepanakert excluded from the negotiation process, as well as among some political forces both in Azerbaijan and Armenia.
Among promulgated principles is return of districts around Nagorny Karabakh under Baku's control, assignment of an interim status to the breakaway republic, opening of the "corridor" to Armenia, future determination of the republic's legal status, return of Azerbaijani and Armenian refugees, international security guarantees.
As experts note, Yerevan is close to agree on liberation of Azerbaijani territories around Nagorny Karabakh. However Baku is not ready to exchange these lands for Stepanakert's independence.
Besides some Armenian forces are totally against the idea. As stated by Zhiyar Sefilyan, a Karabakh war hero, in autumn, "there is a task to grab Serge's signature (Sargsyan - ed) on the document for cession of 7 territories". It was then that the politician suggested: "Soon we will hear about a roadmap, about some document on Artsakh (Nagorno Karabakh's self-designation - ed)".
Essentially the positions of the sides have remained unaltered for 20 years . All this time there have been mild and intense hostilities or small provocations going on at the border of ex Soviet autonomy. And there seems to be no way to end the deadlock.