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Who lives well after Russia?2011-12-12 21:45
There is still no definitive estimates of the consequences of the collapse of the Soviet Union. Some still consider it a major geopolitical disaster, while others believe that the union republics gained independence and began to live much better. So how in fact things are at post-Soviet space? Twenty years is a considerable period, during this time a new generation has grown that knows about the Soviet Union only from the pages of textbooks, it is alien to the common boundaries and the mixing of diverse cultures in a single pot. But is it good?
According to polls, Russian, Belarusians and Ukrainians believe that in 90s the government shamelessly robbed them of the right to choose. Referendums, which showed that the 15 republics were willing to embark in a free-swimming, were not worth a damn. Corruption, bursting out at the open spaces of the Union due to the tricky word "perestroika", has flourished and led to tragic consequences. That time, all the countries of the former Soviet Union were offered complete freedom, but whether they could properly dispose of it and offer their citizens a decent standard of living without the support of the mother country?
As the time has shown, not all managed to remain on feet on the ruins of a superpower, although practically many had the prerequisites for this. So who lives better after gaining sovereignty, and to whom now it is like a bone in the throat? Development of the Republic was carried out clearly uneven, but everyone had time to feel hyper-inflation, the volatility of national currencies, which they had to return, and total poverty. People, who have received the new Constitution, had no idea what to do next. The world, that has been stable for them during more than seventy years, collapsed before their eyes. Governments of many countries have mired in corruption and embezzlement of state property. All that formerly belonged to the people, it was quickly privatized and handed into the wrong hands - first, in order to somehow keep the economy afloat, and then - for further division of what was left.
However, the free republics appeared trapped in their own boundaries. Yes, they were adopted by the UN, and the international community standing applauded Mikhail Gorbachev, who made such a "heroic" act. But not only relatives, who were scattered throughout the Soviet space, but also a production capacity, built during the financial infusions from mother country, appeared at different sides. And this, in fact, determined the development of post-Soviet countries. And geographical location of many of them has worsened the situation. Ukraine, Georgia, Moldova, Tajikistan and Azerbaijan got less of all: after five years of independence their annual GDP fell by half.
It is not surprising that they all had to join the Commonwealth of Independent States since their development was very uneven. Economic recovery proceeded with difficulty - and once again Russia had to become the locomotive, which pulled the others into a relatively bright future. It became obvious that without such a huge market the post-Soviet republics would have not much. Europe, which was closest to the Baltic States, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine, is replete with its own production of goods and services. Therefore, immigrants from the Soviet Union seemed to them outdated and inferior.