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Kurdistan: between U.S. and Iraq2012-01-06 14:34
Middle East is in anticipation of the great upheavals. One of the driving forces in the region is one million of Kurdish people. The fate not only of Asia but also of Europe largely depends on the mood of the Kurds living there. GTimes' correspondent decided to learn how the Kurdish diaspora is living now in different parts of the world. And well-known specialist on the Kurds Angelica Pobedonostseva helped him.
- What is the relationship between Muslims and Yezidi Kurds today? Are there any differences between the post-Soviet space and, for example, Iraqi Kurdistan?
- Kurdistan is called "sanctuary of religios". Both, because of the colorful picture of Kurds' faiths (Sunni Muslims, Shiite Muslims, Yezidis, and so on) and the multi-religious diversity of other people living in the neighborhood. Since the XIX century, Muslim Kurds and Yezidi Kurds, whose relations in most cases were dictated by religious differences while using the same language and similar cultural backgrounds, have been living in Russia. In addition, from time to time the Muslims Kurds and Kurds-Yezidis are often confused. They are one nation but with different religion. The centuries-old persecution and discrimination against Yezidis from their brethren, Muslims Kurds, as well as such Yezidism's feature as endogamy, contributed to the isolation of Yezidi Kurds. Despite the unity of the language with most of the Kurds, some Yezidis have formed self-consciousness different from the rest of the Kurdish. Namely - the claim that they are not an ethnic Yezidis. There's still no single point of view, the issue of the relationships has not been resolved. At the moment the main problem of the Kurds in Russia is lack of unity. This applies to both Yezidi Kurds and Muslims Kurds, who are the same and different at the same time. And if you compare the Kurds from other regions, for example from Iraq, the Kurds from Russia differ from them, since they have been living in fundamentally different cultures. Thus, their understanding of patriotism is different too.
- What is the reaction of post-Soviet Kurds to pogroms in Dohuk in Iraq? Who they think is behind them?