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Dagestan lezginka2012-01-16 12:37
GTimes has already told about the problems of Lezgin community of Azerbaijan, where people complain about the oppression. But Lezgins on both sides of the Russian-Azerbaijani border are dissatisfied with their conditions. One of the largest ethnic groups in Dagestan would not be against autonomy. Lezgins do not have major complaints to Moscow; they have grievances related to their position in the hierarchy of Dagestan.
January 4, at the time when the whole Russia slowly moved away from the Christmas holidays, a congress of Russian Lezgins took place in Khanty-Mansiysk. It seems weird, why would the Caucasians hold their congresses in Western Siberia? But in fact it is justified. Many thousands of Lezgins are settled in the oil-bearing regions of Yamal, and now it's easier to gather an active audience here, than at home in the mountains near the Dagestani Derbent.
The Congress was not well advertised, though they have taken a truly revolutionary solutions at it. Some of them are related to the situation with Lezgins at their "new home" - in Western Siberia. But mostly they talked about the main homeland - Dagestan, where things are going badly for Lezgins. Lezgins believe that Dagestan should have new Constitution, based on existing historical realities. Moreover, the Congress launched a process that could have serious political consequences. Governance structures of interregional public movement "Congress of Lezghian peoples" were tasked to draft an address to the Federation Council on constitutional reform in Dagestan, including the possibility of creating a new entity in the Russian Federation.
Even before the Congress, GTimes' reporter has contacted the head of "Congress of Lezghian peoples" Magomed Magomedov, who had concretized demands of the Lezghins. According to him, the current Constitution does not reflect the ethnic situation in the republic. As a consequence, the power system in the country is built incorrectly.
When this Constitution has been developed, it included the principle of rotation of different ethnic groups in the power. For example, today the President of Dagestan is Avar, tomorrow - Dargin, the day after tomorrow - Kumyk, and then Lezghins. This principle, by the way, exists since the Dagestan ASSR was formed. But now it is being ignored, our interlocutor says, by the Dargins who firmly hold the power in Dagestan and do not really want to pass it "inherited" to the clans of others ethnic groups.
Dargins are in the power since the early 90s of last century, when the republic was ruled by the State Council, chaired by Dargin Magomed Ali Magomedov, the father of the current head Magomedsalam Magomedov.
But not so long ago there was a period when the Avar Mukhu Aliyev ruled in Daghestan, but the Avars have lost the power, which returned to Dargins. We note that the Lezghins, who own almost the entire south of the country, have nothing to do here. They are on the last places in the power structures.
Lezgin activists are pessimistic. They believe that even if they manage to return the principle of rotation of elites, little will change for them. The power resources in Dagestan are tightly controlled by one group, so the coming to power of any other group would result a struggle for spheres of influence and to victims.