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Stalin, the Caucasian2012-05-02 12:30
Soso Dzhugashvili, subsequently - the terrible Joseph Stalin, left the Caucasus early enough, however, having left dirty footmarks. He spent his future life far away from their native mountains, but he regularly visited the Caucasus. Our reporter visited the Stalin Museum in his hometown of Gori in Georgia.
This month, we visited the Stalin Museum in Gori. Functioning since 1958, for decades this museum was entirely devoted to the life and work of the "iron man, the man of steel", the person, who fit to those dark and stormy times he lived in.
We decided to start our tour from a small house where he was born and spent the first four years as Soso Dzhugashvili. His family rented a small room with a basement. The owner lived in the next room. Here we can see a bed-couch and a modest chest - the mother's dowry. At the opposite from the door wall there are two closets; a small wooden table with a samovar and a mirror on it, also mother's dowry, as we were told. In the basement of the house there was a shoe shop of Vissarion Ivanovich (Stalin's father), where he restored and sewed shoes.
The next section of the museum was Stalin's personal railway car. According to the historical references, he began to use his personal railway car in 1941, including trips to Tehran and Yalta conferences. It should be noted that the interior of the car is rather luxury even for our days. There are dining room, bedroom, kitchen, office, meeting room, bathroom, quite spacious for a car - he had all the conditions to forget that you're on the track, feeling like at home. In some compartments there are mirrors.
Frankly, we were in no hurry to go to the main building - a huge palace. We realized that the image of man, alive and understandable more or less, was kept in the first two parts of the museum; and stepping on the threshold of the palace we enter the territory of the "leader", who had created the personal dictatorship, a cold pragmatist, creator of a centralized totalitarian regime based on terror, violence and repression. Indeed, the first impression was true; having entered into a cold huge hall of the museum, you begin to feel unnatural, traces of Soviet propaganda which created this image of "leader and teacher".
It is worth noting that the museum was established in 1937, in the midst of repression. One of the initiators of the museum was Beria. Memorial was to perpetuate the name of Stalin. The same year, according to the Soviet statistics, 353,074 people were executed.
The stand, located in the lobby, begins with the words of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly resolution "Reunification of divided Europe" from the year 03/07/2009: "In the XX century, European states experienced two totalitarian regimes, Nazi and Stalinist, which brought genocide, violation of human rights and freedoms, war crimes and crimes against humanity". Museum in this building was a typical example of Soviet propaganda and falsification of history. Exposure was varied at different periods of Soviet history, the emphasis changed, but the task of the museum - to justify the crimes of the murderous regime in history - remained unchanged.
Soviet Georgia idolized "great leader". The cult of Stalin remains, but it goes down in history over time. Now it's difficult to find monuments to the leader, but ten years ago the enormous busts could be seen everywhere.
Today, with the support of the Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection of Georgia, the descendants of victims of Stalinist repression and researchers of Soviet totalitarianism, Stalin Museum is being transformed into a museum of Stalinism, which will fully and impartially describe all the important events of the period of Stalinism. Work to transform the museum has already begun.