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South Ossetia: Partial independence2012-09-20 20:33
22 years ago nationalist horror in Georgia was running high. In response, on September 20, 1990, the Council of People's Deputies of the South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast of Georgian SSR adopted the "Declaration of State Sovereignty" of South Ossetia. This day has become the Independence Day in South Ossetia. But even now, after more than two decades, the country has not become fully independent. What causes this and what is in store for South Ossetia?
"South Ossetia celebrates 22 years of independence without own national strategy, in a state of economic and social collapse", says Amiran Dyakonov, Member of the Parliament of South Ossetia. According to him, the blame for this collapse lies entirely on the past leadership of the republic. "If it were at least a little bit qualified and thinking, the economy would have been established. They were to do not much: to maximize the use of our human and labor advantage in addition to the multi-billion dollar aid", Dyakonov says.
"Having a well-established economy, we would have got a fiscal base that could help us to form own independent budget, therefore, we would have got the conditions for social and economic development. These opportunities have been missed. Projects of construction, post-war infrastructure recovery and others, for which we are getting billions of dollars from Russia, do not reflect the real needs of the country. Moreover, they are unconstitutional. According to the laws of South Ossetia, all social programs, prior to the government consideration, must be approved by the parliament. None of these programs were discussed in the parliament. Due to this, the programs have not been professionally developed, had no clear line of planning. The quantitative composition of the RSO, as well as the professionalism of the contractors and planners, was not taken into account", the MP says.
According to Dyakonov, there was no authorities' control over these processes, or it was minimal. "Some have turned a blind eye; some were threatened and thus kept silent. They are still keeping silence", he added.
As told by the Tskhinval journalist Zarina Sanakoyeva to GTimes, many residents of South Ossetia cannot understand the happening in the country - peace or war. "There were two transition periods at once: transition from war to peace and from one leadership to another. Republic is still on this line".
Such a complex psychological condition of the RSO is aggravated by high social stratification, which in turn, dictates the social and political divisions. It is extremely dangerous for a country with a population of 30,000 people, and which is constantly under the threat of the enemy. "The same situation as before the presidential election is repeating. That time there were 14 presidential candidates; now there are 12 parties constantly conflicting with each other party. Social factors dictate the political and ideological dissociation, as well as total lack of spiritual and ideological values, which could be base for the national ideology. People do not have clear guidelines, which they could follow", Dyakonov adds.
But at the same time, the Ossetians do not exchange their traditional focus on Russia in favor of Georgia or the West, since this is clearly expected in Tbilisi. "This is inherent for our political elite. In the RSO their names are well-known; but the people won't disclose them, since this would be considered betrayal of the interests of the republic, the manipulation with Russian interests and undermining of Russia's prestige in the Caucasus", Amiran Dyakonov told GTimes.