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Why most expensive roads in the world need repairs?2012-11-26 15:12
The building boom that swept Azerbaijan, has not bypassed the roads. Each year, millions of manat are spent for the improvement of the old roadways and construction of the new ones. There are roads in the capital and in the provinces. Special attention is paid to the construction of roads of national significance. This category may include a new road to the airport named after Heydar Aliyev, Baku-Astara road, Baku-Gazakh-Georgian road and Baku-Guba-Russian road. Roads are being widened, quality asphalt is being improved. But ...
Vagif, a driver, daily travels on the Baku-Guba road. "Of course, the current state of the road is much better than it was a couple years ago. That time the road was narrow". Nevertheless, the current state is also not good, he says. Indeed, although the road is quite new, immediately after commissioning endless repairs began. "All this summer they are digging and then patching up. Winter is soon, and they're still digging. In the morning you go in one direction, everything seems good. And when you go back - one lane of two is already blocked off for repairs. Is that the way the roads are being built?"
Recently, they often say that the roads in Azerbaijan are being constructed by world standards. "As far as I heard, European roads are constantly in good condition. And why we are building on their standards (in any case, as presented to us), and then they are constantly repairing it? They also said that the road has a thirty-year warranty. A guarantee for what? After all, the roads are being constantly renovated", says the driver.
In Azerbaijan one kilometer of road costs an average of 18 million manat, chairman of the Center for Economic and Social Development Vugar Bayramov says. At the same time, he says, the country is the world leader in terms of funds spent per kilometer of road. But that's not leadership, you can be proud of. In the second place, by the way, is our northern neighbor, Russia. One kilometer of road of road in Russia costs 17.6 million dollars ($ 1 = 0.78 manat). For comparison, in the U.S. the comparable figure is only 5.9 million, in the EU - $ 6.9 million, and, finally, in China - only $ 2.2 million.
It should be noted that 18 million manats (about $ 22.5 million) per kilometer - this is not limit for Azerbaijan. As noted by Vugar Bayramov, depending on the situation construction cost may vary. "For example, the road to the airport cost 255 million manat", said the expert. The length of the road, according to Bayramov, is 14 kilometers. "Based on this, one kilometer of the road had cost $ 24 million. But even 255 million manat - this is not the final amount. In the same year, additional 5 million manat from state budget were allocated for this road. Frequently during the period of operation they allocate additional funds to repair the road, which further enhances its value", the expert says.
In this case, there are cases when the original estimate of road building increases, complains Bayramov. "For example, $ 312 million were allocated for the road to the Russian border. But in later, this amount increased three fold to $ 1 billion", said Vugar Bayramov. And work in this area is continuing.
Along with the Baku-Guba road, the road to the airport through the village of Zych, Inshaatchilar Avenue and the road leading to the Flag Square in Baku are under repair, as well as many streets and highways. All of the above roads are among those which have been recently put into operation, but closed for a repeat repair.