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Georgia may be deprived of president2012-12-12 16:01
Abolition of the institution of the presidency in Georgia was offered by the initiators of establishment of the "constitutional and democratic" group which, by design, must conduct a relevant referendum. They call on their supporters to support the initiative. But experts in Georgia doubt the reasonability and the prospects of such an idea.
"We call on everyone, who has a desire, to accede and create such a group together", said in the statement by the initiative's authors. During the very referendum it is planned to raise the question of whether it is necessary to abolish the institution of presidency and introduce the constitutional-parliamentary government.
One of the leaders of the party "Free Georgia" Kakha Kukava in an interview to the Big Caucasus expressed his doubt that such a referendum is possible. "According to the Constitution of Georgia, a referendum on the abolition of a law is prohibited. To abolish the presidency we should not hold a referendum, but to make constitutional amendments", said Kukava.
He admits that someone in Georgia likes the model of government existing in Germany or Israel, "with a nominal president shaking hands with foreign ambassadors". But Kukava is satisfied with the current model adopted after the constitutional amendments in 2012, substantially limiting the powers of the president. "I think the current model - the type of France or Poland, when the president is not involved in the formation of the government but has other important powers - contributes to balance the power. If Georgia adopts a purely parliamentary model, it would complicate the procedure of formation of the state administration. We can see the difficulties of parliamentary republic on the example of Italy", said the Georgian politician.
"The post of President is a guarantee of stability, if after the elections the parliamentary majority is not formed", Kukava adds. "Political unrest is the worst thing that could happen in Georgia".
According to the head of the NGO "Center for Strategic Studies of the Caucasus" Mamuka Areshidze, the idea of abolishing the post of president in Georgia, having appeared spontaneously, is just an idea. "I do not think that this initiative was inspired by the authorities", Areshidze told the Big Caucasus. "The idea of abolition of the presidential institution is not very relevant in the society today. All started with the fact that non-governmental organizations have raised the question of Saakashvili's resignation - no one was speaking about the abolition of presidency. But then this topic spontaneously appeared and began to develop. However, I cannot say that the issue is being discussed in the society. In my view, it is premature to talk about a referendum. This idea is in the air, but it has not acquired defined contours".
Areshidze, just like Kukava, advocates the preservation of the presidency in the new format adopted after the amendments to the Constitution of Georgia. "I do not think that the abolition of the presidency is the best way out", the expert concludes.
Recall, after the presidential election in October 2013, Georgia must become a parliamentary republic. The parliamentary election of October 1 was won by the opposition coalition "Georgian Dream", which has formed a new government led by Prime Minister Bidzina Ivanishvili. President Mikheil Saakashvili admitted the defeat of his party "United National Movement" and spoke of his transition to the opposition.