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No chance to solve refugee problems unilaterally2009-09-11 14:03
On Wednesday the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution on status of refugees from Abkhazia and South Ossetia proposed by the Georgian delegation at the 63th assembly session within "Protracted conflicts in the GUAM area (Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldavia) and their implications for international peace, security and development" agenda item.
The resolution stipulates that the interested parties must work out "a schedule that would provide for voluntary, secure, dignified and unhampered return all internally displaced persons and refugees affected by the conflicts in Georgia to their homes".
Georgia's UN Envoy Alexander Lomaya outlined the main goals of the resolution presenting the draft. This is demonstration of "moral and legal commitment to protection of displaced persons", an idea of "report mechanism to the General Assembly" and expansion of the General Assembly's "geographical coverage" that from now on will keep an eye on the situation of the Georgian refugees from South Ossetia. Thus the Georgian diplomat acknowledged this document was purely political and will give no practical results to Georgian refugees from Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
First of all it totally ignores the position of two new independent states whose population continually suffered from ethnic cleansings by the Georgian punitive corps. However at that time the UN wasn't bothered about the genocide of Abkhaz and South Ossetian nations.
The use of force by the Georgian army against Tskhinval civilians in August 2008 was not duly condemned either. But a year after South Ossetian capital was totally destroyed the UN General Assembly adopted a new resolution on Georgia with reference to South Ossetia and Abkhazia as Georgia's constituents obliging Russia to provide for the return of Georgian refugees that had left the republic at the time of past wars.
The resolution "will in no way contribute to reinforcement of trust between Georgian, Abkhaz and South Ossetian sides which is a precondition for solving the problems of refugees and displaced persons", - Russia's UN Envoy Vitaly Churkin stated. The Russian diplomat specified that the document presented by Georgia "is politicized and confrontational" and is unacceptable for Sukhum and Tskhinval. Besides Russia was the only country denied the review of the draft. Russia's UN Envoy suggested suspending the debate and skipping voting on the draft in compliance with the procedure.