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Refugees from Georgia: who is going to help them?2009-09-29 09:51
Abkhazia and Georgia have been unable to start a dialogue. Any meeting between the authorities of these two countries results in mutual claims and accusations. Meanwhile, over two hundred thousand refugees are awaiting the achievement of the smallest agreements. It looks like at present, one can help those people only in terms of public diplomacy. The Union of Georgians in Russia started implementing the project called XXI Century: No Refugees, which is aimed at facilitating the life of the forced migrants from Abkhazia.
How many are those who had to leave their home because of the war in Abkhazia? No one can answer this question seventeen years later; there are just approximate figures available. As a result of military actions held in Abkhazia for 13 months from August 14, 1992 till September 30, 1993 about 280 thousand people of this country joined the unhappy ranks of refugees. Someone saved himself from bullets and explosions in Georgia, others in Russia. According to some data, at the beginning of the 90s, the "Northern Neighbor" accepted about 60-65 thousand forced refugees from Abkhazia; according to statistics, seven percent of the Georgian population is made up by refugees. As of June 2009, there were registered about 228 142 refugees in the country, including
those who left their homes in Abkhazia in 1992 and those who were left without shelter because of the last August events. Since October 5, Ministry for Refugees and Sheltering of Georgia will start scheduled registration of the forcibly displaced persons.
Many of them never found another home and live in hope of coming back to their country. Unfortunately, even the international community's support is not enough to settle the matter. For instance, on September 10, the UN General Assembly approved the resolution suggested by Georgia as to the return of the Georgian refugees to Abkhazia and South Ossetia. This resolution has got no practical meaning and is not mandatory.
Besides, there is hardly any possibility of bringing back the refugees considering that the situation on the borders of Abkhazia and Georgia is similar to the one prior the war: there are still shots and explosions not to mention the dangerous tension in the Black Sea water area, where the opponents threaten to sink each other's ships.
The number of epicenters of confrontation in the Galskiy region, where 55 thousand Georgians have already returned, keeps growing.
Thus, one can obviously help the refugees only in terms of public diplomacy.