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Saakashvili as superpresident2010-04-02 15:06
In the near future Georgia might adopt a "superpresidential" regime and be divided into states according to the draft law submitted to the Constitution committee by Levan Ramishvili, NGO Liberty Institute leader. As known, Ramishvili-led structure is believed to be the originator of United National Movement's ideology. Will the committee like such powerful reinforcement of presidential institution in the country?
The document suggests that the president should be elected by parliament, not the population of Georgia. The position of PM gets abolished with the government directly subordinate to the head of the state. Besides, under the draft the republic will be divided into states with their representatives in the Senate.
For the draft to be approved it must obtain two thirds of committee's votes. Otherwise the document will be officially presented at the end of April.
As we know, concentration of power in the hands of president and limited freedom of media and courts has become signature characteristic of the current Georgian regime. The country's opposition forces believe that the president is concerned over preservation of power and ways to avoid responsibility to the people of Georgia, for the war in 2008 too.
This is what Ivlian Khaidrava, Republican party member, suggested recently commenting on recommendations by the Venice commission on introduction of amendments into the country's Constitution to bring balance to power branches: possible extension of parliament's authorities should be considered in the context of Saakashvili's far reaching plans. "His second presidential term is drawing to a close, 2013 is not that far away, so a lot will depend on Saakashvili's ambitions and his desire to preserve power, - Khaidrava said. - It's hard for me to say in what way the ruling team will preserve it in future. Doubtless they will do their best for that".
In this context the document proposed by the Liberty Institute can be viewed exclusively as an attempt made by the current regime to stay at the helm. US proposed model to divide Georgia into states sounds rather lame. Through the fault of its leaders the republic has already lost Abkhazia and South Ossetia for which Saakashvili will never be forgotten.
As was expected, Levan Ramishvili's draft was condemned by the opposition. Christian Democrats believe that Georgia's transformation into a "superpresidential state" is simply unacceptable.