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Azerbaijan's territorial atomism2012-02-06 14:05
Debates on changing the constitution took place in the Milli Mejlis of Azerbaijan. Opposition MP Gudrat Hasanguliyev proposed to rename the country into the Republic of Northern Azerbaijan. Hasanguliyev was supported by his colleagues from other factions. According to the MPs, their country is only a fragment of a large Azeri state, split by Russia and Iran in the XIX century. Azerbaijani political scientist Rovshan Ibragimov told GTimes what the MPs have achieved so far.
Gudrat Hasanguliyev (United Party of Popular Front of Azerbaijan) has proposed to the Milli Majlis to take a historic decision: to review a number of agreements, to amend Article 11 of the Constitution of Azerbaijan and to rename the country to the Republic of Northern Azerbaijan. The deputy justified this by the fact that "two thirds of Azerbaijan is a part of Iran today". Hasanguliyev said that responsibility for this historical injustice is on the treaties of XIX century concluded by Tsarist Russia and the Shah's Iran.
The MP was referring to Gulistan and Turkmanchai agreements. The first was signed by Russia and Persia in the village of Gulistan (now - in Nagorno-Karabakh) after the Russian-Persian war of 1804-1813. According to this document, Russia got Dagestan, Kartli, Kakheti, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Abkhazia and part of modern-day Azerbaijan, which included following khanates: Baku, Karabakh, Ganja, Shirvan, Sheki, Derbent, and Cuban. Russia also got part of the Talysh Khanate with its capital in Lankon (now - Lankaran).
The second agreement was signed by Russia and Persia in February 1828 in the village Turkmanchay (near Tabriz). Under this treaty, Persia ceded Russia Erivan and Nakhichevan khanates. Turkmanchay agreement confirmed Russia's territorial acquisitions, received earlier in Gulistan.
Gudrat Hasanguliyev signaled the Milli Majlis that the documents of Shah's Persia and Tsarist Russia are the things of bygone days, stories of ancient times. His initiative was supported by other MPs, in particular - by Siyavush Novruzov, deputy executive secretary of the ruling party "Yeni Azerbaijan".