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Georgian-Abkhazian War: Looting, Robbery, Violence

2012-04-16 13:05

Georgian-Abkhazian War: Looting, Robbery, Violence. 26996.jpeg

The Georgian-Abkhazian war of 1992-1993 took many lives. Representatives of many nations, including the Armenians, participated in the fightings. A veteran of the Georgian police Smbat Nersesian, who got to Abkhazia at the beginning of hostilities, shared his memories with us.


"In the summer of 1992 it was reported that some inmates escaped from the Abkhaz prison and hid in the woods. They appeared in the cities in the night; in particular, they were detected in Pitsunda, Gagra, Sukhum. They robbed the trains bounding for Armenia. The cargo did not reached destination, and the country, through which the train passed, became responsible for this. By decision of the State Council of Georgia, headed by Eduard Shevardnadze, Tbilisi police forces under the command of D. Zeikidze, which was to prevent this, was sent to Abkhazia. This operation was planned to introduce curfew, to combat looting and to restore order at the transport communications, as well as the speedy detaining of the fugitives.

I have worked in the Ministry of Internal Affairs, in the operations department, since 1991. In September 1992, I was sent to Sukhum. At that time, there was still no fighting. But to our surprise, regular troops, who could cross the administrative border of Abkhazia at any moment, stood near the Gumista River. The commandant of the city has been appointed General R. Tumurashvili, a former deputy interior minister. Tbilisi and Sukhum garrisons, as well as all regions of Georgia, were subordinated to him. Under his leadership, a group of officers went to the other side of the river, and on their return, we learned that the Georgian regular troops under the command of Tengiz Kitovani were entering the territory of Abkhazia. After this the fighting started. The Georgian army consisted of self-defense units. Guys were not trained and not used to combat service. Officer corps was difficult to manage them.

One day we went on patrol near the monument to Lenin and met a group of guys. We were in a military UAZ with submachine guns. Our goal was to check documents, but they lost their heads and began to flee in fear. They were students of the Sukhum Institute and they were even more pleased that we were the police, not bandits.

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