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Nagorno-Karabakh: Inception2013-01-15 17:30
Twenty three years ago, on January 15, 1990, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR introduced a state of emergency in the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast and the contiguous areas of the Azerbaijani SSR, Gori region of the Armenian SSR, as well as in the border area along the border of the USSR on the territory of Azerbaijani SSR. The decree marked the beginning of the hostilities between security forces and civilian population.
Country's leadership accounted emergency measures for the deteriorating situation "in the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast of the Azerbaijan SSR, and around it". "Various nationalist and separatist organizations leading inflammatory work, drawing ever larger sections of the population into a confrontation, have greatly intensified. Extremist groups are organizing mass unrests and provoking strikes and inflaming ethnic hatred and enmity", said in the decree.
As noted by the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, "in such a challenging environment republican bodies of Azerbaijan and Armenia, the republic's leadership acted firmly and consistently enough, did not use all possibilities to reverse the situation, in some cases had to compromise with the extremist and nationalist elements". "Acts on Nagorno-Karabakh adopted by the Supreme Soviet of the Armenian SSR and not meeting the Constitution of the Soviet Union also contributed to the escalation of tensions on the ground of interethnic relations", the document of the USSR Supreme Soviet says.
The decree, as we know, was issued at the height of the Armenian pogroms in Baku which resulted in the entry of the Soviet troops in the Azerbaijani capital on January 20. According to the report of the Human Rights Center "Memorial", this measure was taken "to save the communist regime, not to defend the Armenian population, as it was officially claimed". In the same document, describing the situation in Nagorno-Karabakh, human rights activists said about lawlessness perpetrated by the military authorities. "Internal forces, instead of helping to stabilize the situation by separating the conflicting parties, performed unusual political functions. Gradually they turned into another side of the conflict", stated the experts of the "Memorial".