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Saakashvili has left Georgia without wine?2013-04-12 15:28
Many people associate Georgia with wine and grapes. Culture of growing grapes and making wine here is so old that no one can say exactly when it was born. In Georgian culture there are masterpieces of folk poetry praising the vine, comparing it with raising a beloved child. In the villages, people who had a well-kept vineyard, enjoyed special respect. The very international word "wine" origins from the Georgian word "gvino." However, in recent years the area of vineyards in Georgia has declined sharply - from 156 thousand hectares to 69 thousand.
The first mass destruction of vineyards in Georgia is related to the name of bloody conqueror of Shah Abbas. History tells us that every his invasion of the country was accompanied by cutting vineyards.
But there were other times when as part of one big country Georgia by Moscow's order produced a million tons of grapes. Now, the figure has reduced to 150 thousand tons. The reason is that during a few years the vineyards has been ruthlessly cut down.
Although this process began in the Soviet era, when the Kakhetians were ordered to plant watermelons instead of grapes, with much regret they recall the years of independent Georgia; and after the change of government in October 2012, Kakheti farmers are bitterly regretting of what has been done. This happens due to a hope that the demand for grapes will grow again. Now they are trying to restore the destroyed vineyards. Although some experts still believe that 60-70 thousand hectares is enough for both local consumption and for export.
Since 1990, Georgia is almost not growing grapes in new areas and does not vaccinate the vines. In Kakheti, there are already no greenhouse and young plants farms. Georgians had to leave their vineyards and go abroad to find work, and those who have remained in the country had to cut down the vineyards and to plant watermelons and other crops in their place.
A student David Gviniashvili: "I'm completing my studies at the Institute and return to my village of Tsnori. My goal is to revive vineyard of my ancestors.
My father made a mistake by cutting down the vineyard, but at that time he had no other choice, he had to provide family. But now, after I told him about my idea, he is immensely happy. This is the best I can do."