Opposition undertakes commitments. As well as authorities04.06.2009 | 14:04
Today Georgian non-parliamentary opposition promulgated the Charter of Commitments to the people of Georgia. Execution of this document was once postponed. There was a surprise this time too. Konstantin Gamsakhurdia, a leader of the Alliance for Freedom stated he would not sign this oppositional document. The document stipulates commitments the opposition undertakes to fulfill after the main purpose of the protest - Mikheil Saakashvili's resignation - is achieved. And it has to be fought for.
The need to sign such a document has recently been explained by For United Georgia Secretary General Eka Beselia. "It's a common opinion the opposition has neither an idea nor a plan how to rule the country after Mikheil Saakashvili is unseated.
The Charter of Commitments contains a complete plan of the opposition; - Eka Beselia is quoted by GHN agency.
The project is this: in case the opposition comes to power it shall guarantee fair and independent elections, establish fair and unbiased judiciary, form public control over the power structures, provide freedom of press, prevent political persecution and ensure balance between branches of power, - RIA Novosti reports.
An indicative thing about this is that Mikheil Nikolaevich made the same promises at the time of his last election campaign. The only issue the new program is different from the plan by ruling United National Movement is that the opposition guarantees "balanced foreign policy". Most oppositionists repeatedly mentioned the need to settle relations with Russia. Among them are Nino Burdzhanadze of Democratic Movement - United Georgia, Irakli Alasania of the Alliance for Georgia and Zurab Nogaideli chairing Democratic Movement for Fair Georgia.
Saakashvili didn't hide his resentment over good feeling towards the northern neighbor the opponents display. Many times did he accuse opposition leaders of cooperation with the Kremlin. He had a lot of versions: the opposition being financed by businessmen and politicians ill-treated by the authorities who left Georgia after the Rose Revolution; pro-Kremlin Georgians; Georgian mafia bosses. Recently the lawyers of Nino Burdzhanadze's party even filed a claim to Tbilisi City Court against President Mikheil Saakashvili over the issue.
A few weeks ago Mikheil Saakashvili publicly stated Nino Burdzhanadze and her party "had financial commitments to Russia". Democratic movement-United Georgia considered it as an impairment of honor, dignity and business reputation, Interfax reports. However it is a long way before the start of legal proceedings with the president as well as the opposition's victory over the current regime.
Internal squabbles literally undermine the opposition from the inside. There are numerous publications on a split overhanging the ranks of the opposition and their differences on methods of struggle. Even now the Charter of commitments that was supposed to become a symbolic document of the radical opposition is not signed by Alliance for Freedom leader, the son of Georgia's first president Konstantin Gamsakhurdia and Zurab Nogaideli of For Fair Georgia.
This is how Konstantin Gamsakhurdia explained his position: "I have always been in favor of the declarations made in the Charter and I'm not going to put my signature on it. If you trust me, trust me without the signature". He also noted "it is more convincing to sign the Charter being in power", GHN reports.
Zurab Nogaideli who is somewhat disgraced by the teammates held a briefing on the day of execution of the Charter telling Georgian journalists that Georgia was entering a deep economic and political crisis. According to him the situation is so complicated that the country's economy collapses much faster than the government presents.
In view of the difficult situation and in order to avoid civil confrontation Nogaideli party believes the elections must be called in autumn. It is also necessary to carry out a constitutional reform to implement a parliamentary government system and immediately reconsider the state budget. Among other things the expenses for political infrastructure of power authorities must be cancelled, the budgets of Interior Ministry and Defense Ministry must be cut twofold, the finance police that have become an instrument of settling accounts with political opponents and money extortion from business people must be abolished, profit tax must be cancelled as well.
Georgian authorities manifest Spartan calmness. Zaal Samadashvili, head of Tbilisi Sakrebulo (the city council) stated that in response to the actions of the opposition and demonstrations planned for the two-month anniversary since the start of the rallies, the authorities would not hold any action of their supporters. "Georgia's current leaders remember the country's modern history well and won't risk possible confrontation between the supporters of authorities and opposition", - Samadashvili is quoted by ITAR-TASS with reference to Version newspaper (Georgia).
At the end of 1991 Tbilisi was going through several weeks of parallel rallies of Georgia's first president Zviad Gamsakhurdia's supporters and the opposition. In late December the confrontation grew into armed clashes forcing Zviad Gamsakhurdia to leave the country on January 6 1992.