Tbilisi Authorities Decided to Move In On International Law10.07.2009 | 17:44
The Georgian parliamentarians have found the way to fight Russia. To oversome its veto on international missions, they want to make the UN recognize it as an aggressor and occupant». At the same time deputees are planning to use courts to squeeze Russian companies from Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
Not long ago the Georgian deputee Dmitry Lortkipanidze proposed a new diplomatic weapon to be used in the fight against Russia. He thought of creating the Council for Deoccupation of Georgia and sending its representative to the UN, informs GHN. The parliamentarian supposes that could make the UN deprive Russia of the right of veto, recognizing it as an occupant. And this could bring to introducing international peacemakers and policemen into the conflict regions.
To be more solid, the deoccupation council must use not only the results of the August war of 2008, but the historic materials of 1921. For reference: it was then that Yosif Stalin sent the Red Army to Georgia to help the local bolsheviks led by Sergo Ordjonikidze. «Considering the international legal regulations, Georgia has some disputable issues not only with Putin's Russia but with Lenin's Russia, and what happened last August represents not only the occupation of certain territories but a second introduction of occupation troops since 1921», said Lortkipanidze.
According to him, despite the referendum held by Zviad Gamsakhurdia on 31 March 1991 and the promulgation of the Act on the Independence of Georgia, the country was not deoccupied and in legal terms the case of 1921 is still applying. However, the deputee preferred not to notice some substantial differences: then bolsheviks returned the rebelling Abkhazians and Ossetians under the powers of Georgia, now the Russian troops helped them become independent.
Before the idea to obtain the recognition of Russia as an aggressor, depriving it of the right of veto on the OSCE and UN missions in Georgia, was suggested by the Chairman of the temporary Parliament committee for reinstating the territorial integrity of Georgia Shota Malashkhia. But Russia considers such threats unfeasible. The political expert Boris Makarenko explained to GeorgiaTimes that Russia does not mind quitting the USCE, judging by the quantity of criticism against this organization that has appeared in the Russian mass media recently. And in the UN Russia is one of the founders of the organization, which is registered in the UN Charter, and to deprive it of the veto right the charter will have to be modified, which can also be vetoed by Russia.
A Georgian political expert Kakha Katsidadze said in his interview to the Akhali Taoba ("New Generation") newspaer that Malashkhia's idea cannot be realized. He reminded how during the incursion of Soviet troops to Afghanistan the UN did not even raise the issue of recognizing the Soviet Union as an aggressor. In his words, modern history «does not have any precedent» when Russia would be declared an aggressor. «It was not done even when the Soviet Union troops invaded the territory of such UN members as Hungary, the Czech Republic, Afghanistan etc. It is really unclear how Mr. Vashadze (Georgian Minister of Foreign Affairs - edit.) is going to announce Russia an aggressor being a Russian citizen himself», said the expert ironically.
Katsidaze has also expressed his doubts about the possibility to involve international policemen. «The USCE police mechanism has never been used, either. The point is that the the way the issue of military observers is put seems too unreal, and the reaction to the involvement of the police will not be so negative», he noticed. Katsitadze considers the establishment of a «direct dialog» and the creation of a «certain mechanism of confidence» a more real way of having back Abkhazia and South Ossetia. However, the expert does not believe that «our current authorities are not capable of creating such a mechanism».
In support of this thesis the Abkhazian President Sergey Bagapsh said he could reject the Geneva negotiations. In his words, Sukhumi is participating in these negotiations «only out of regard for the document (plan) signed by Medvedev and Sarkozy». «Abkhazia's position is well-known: no negotiations will be held with the current Georgian authorities», reminded Bagapsh.
Meanwhile, Shota Malashkhia suggested another «judicial» way of fighting against the so-called «annexation of territories». In his interview to Georgian mass media Malashkhia named the key signs of the annexation of Abkhazia and South Ossetia: financial control by Russia, cancellation of visas for the new republics, protection of borders by the Russian army, control over railways, communications, offshore zone, Sukhumi port, banks, mobile communications. Malashkhia thinks Georgia can save its ex republics from that by applying international law.