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Georgian historians pointed at the “enemy”04.12.2009 | 15:42
As is clear from the review of schoolbooks on the history of the countries being former USSR republics, Soviet historiography has been almost completely destroyed. Instead of a truth tree, it was replaced by certain myths, where the subtle enemy is represented by Slavonic tribes, Russian empire and the USSR. The Georgian school historians do not fall behind their colleagues, calling Russia a "subtle enemy" and the source of all mishaps.
The Georgian historical science is undergoing the renaissance period. General facts suddenly acquire new meaning and take new shape. This fact was revealed by a report called "Presentation of the common history of Russia and the peoples of the post-Soviet countries in the schoolbooks on history of the new independent states". The report was prepared by an expert group, which work was sponsored by the State Club Russian foundation.
Here is, for example, the description of the first contacts with the Russian people represented in the Georgian schoolbooks: "It was no use waiting for any real help from the prince of Moscow", "Russia was incapable of resisting the Iran-Turkish aggression and defend Kakheti against the aggressor", "the Russian army in Georgia did no good to the Georgians".
Not so long ago, any schoolchild in the USSR could cite the musical rhymes by Mikhail Lermontov about a certain tsar in a certain year having entrusted his people to Russia. And so Georgia attained God's favor: it has been prospering since then in the shadow of its gardens, without the fear of enemies, behind the shelter of friendly shields.
And now we are told that things looked differently in reality. "Russia easily attained what Turkey and Iran were unable to attain in severe battles. Without any obstacles it abolished the kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti", - Russian researchers are citing the works of the Georgian authors.
It turns out that in the opinion of the current Georgian interpreters of history, Russia was nothing but a colonizer. It is compared to England and France that mercilessly plundered their Asian and African colonies and made local tribes fight against each other as well as to those white sailors from Europe who shot off the Indians in America.
Of course, the authors of the textbooks do not refer to any facts, for they are not easy to fabricate. Still, they assert that Russia forcibly changed traditional social relations and introduced social structures in order to secure its predominance. The fact that the Georgians came out towards the European civilization due to the Russian language and education is not mentioned even in the form of a theory.
Among Russia's sins, the Georgian historians mention deprivation of independence, although the Soviet power was established there via local Bolshevists, and the social injustice that pushed the people to search for a better state structure.
The speculations on the so-called "Soviet occupation" have become steadily fashionable in Georgia, as well as in the Baltic states. There is even a museum in Tbilisi that is dedicated to this historical period. This spring, a theme week was held in educational institutions for the first time, being associated with the anniversary of the Soviet army "occupation" of the country on February 25, 1921.
Students and schoolchildren wrote compositions and held quizes describing the evil brought by the Soviet power to Georgia. The most interesting fact is that the Soviet international power is now definitely associated with Russia.
The establishment of Soviet power in Azerbaijan, Georgia and Ukraine is now represented in local textbooks as "aggression", "intervention", "conquest" and "occupation". "Soviet Russia was not satisfied with the conquest of Georgia and the establishment of the occupational government. Now Moscow started the implementation of its treacherous plan of breaking Georgia into autonomous entities. The Abkhaz and Ossetian separatists jumped at the chance of using Russia's anti-Georgian policy", - authors of the textbook refer to the works of Vachnadze and Gurguli.
Russia is equally blamed for industrialization, collectivization and Stalin's reprisals. Authors of the textbooks omit the fact that reprisals were headed, among others, by such Georgian activists as Sergo Orjonikidze, Joseph Jugashvili and Lavrentiy Beria.
The Great Patriotic War has lost its characteristic meaning in the Baltic States and in Georgia. Now it is a Soviet-German war which was not always approved of by local residents. As if the characters of Nodar Dumbadze never stigmatized a runaway foreman Datiko, who waited out the Great Patriotic War in the mountain forests of the Caucasus, and did not defend the boundary of our common homeland, the USSR, with spiritual pride!
In Estonia and Lithuania, the statement about "an alien" war was necessary to justify the crimes committed by local SS-men, while Georgia is using it simply to separate the country from our common Soviet history.
Tbilisi is actively supporting the version, according to which an "equal responsibility" for launching the Second World War is rested both upon Hitlerite Germany and the USSR.