South Ossetia has never withdrawn Russia20.11.2008 | 14:16
This viewpoint is substantiated by Historian and Political Analyst, Dr. Valery D. Dzidzoyev, Ph.D. (History), currently, Professor at Political Sciences Department in the Ossetian State University named after K.L. Khetagurov. His reasoned opinion actually presents an expert judgment based on historical facts that stood the test of time. Valery Dzidoev shared the details with Georgia Times correspondent.
- Valery Dudarovich, what impelled you to start your research?
-Over the past 90 years, South Ossetia has lived through three genocides waged by Georgian authorities. I call for addressing the history of a small nation whose forced bloodshed is the real payment for equality with other nations, including the Georgians. I call for mankind to comprehend the reasons behind the Russian Federation's legitimate interests on the Caucasus.
The Russians, to say nothing of the world public, are not fully aware of the South Ossetians' tragedy. This is due to the fact that South Ossetians' history has been and is still being regularly and drastically falsified by Georgian academic community.
Such falsification stances were available in abundance during the Russian pre-revolutionary period (prior 1917), throughout the Soviet era and further the post-Soviet period wherein this much-admired and prestigious "research efforts" by scores of historians and political scientists, as well as the legal profession have been especially encouraged in the "democratic" Georgia...
-Let us turn to the source of the problem.
-In 1774, Ossetia volunteered to join the Russian Empire. Noteworthy is the unavailability of clear-cut borders in their contemporary understanding between Ossetia and Kartly-Kakhetian Kingdom and, interestingly, no Georgia in its current shape existed at that time. When part of the Russian Empire, the Ossetins were to be divided administratively pursuant to the acting rules: Nothern Ossetians were part of Terskaya region, while South Ossetians - Tifflis region, part of the Russian Empire.
The then Russian internal administrative division, and later Soviet, was a reality consistent with the multinational country administrative arrangements and the Ossetins had to put up with the established rules beyond their control.
- And how did Georgians found themselves in Russian territory?
-Unlike Ossetians, Georgians joined the Russian Empire much later and not at a time. The first to apply for joining Russia was Kartly-Kakhetian Kingdom - part of current Georgia - which was actually integrated into one whole country by Russia.
In 1783, in the city of Georgievsk, an international treaty on protectorate was signed later referred to as Georgievsky Treaty. According to that Treaty, a disintegrated Georgian Kingdom weakened by sustained and humiliating Persian vassalage was to join the Russian Empire. In fact, the Treaty signified a major step in ensuring Georgians survival and protecting disintegrated Georgian lands from foreign invaders, primarily Persia and Turkey.
Russia had not once insistently recommended Georgian King Heraclius II to keep Georgians united, avoid hostilities and Georgian feudal lords' internal warfare. During that very period, a priority task was settling conflicts between the two constituent parts of Georgia - Kartly-Kakhetian Kingdom, on the one part, and Immeritinsky Kingdom, on the other. In 1801, Immeritinsky Kingdom also joined the Russian Empire. Noteworthy mentioning is that, by so doing, Russia had alienated both Persia and Turkey which cherished strong aspirations and ambitions not only for invading Georgia but also the entire Caucasus. All the more so, by including the then Georgia Russia undertook a huge responsibility for restoring Georgian's ancient borders.
-And what were the relationships of the two neighboring nations?
-South Ossetia has been enjoying a two-century experience of coexistence with Georgia within the borders of one country - the Russian Empire and, later, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). In 1918, ultra-nationalist Georgia used its right for self-determination and withdrew from Russia to establish an independent Georgian state. In 1920, thus independent Georgia waged the first genocide against South Ossetians.
- Over the past 17 years of their independence, Georgian "democrats" have initiated another two genocides against South Ossetians: in 1991-1992 and in August 2008, on the very Opening Date of the XXIX Olympic Games. The aftermath of these combined three genocides or, perhaps, three stages of one genocide, scheduled and arranged by Georgian authorities against a small South Ossetian nation, which became still smaller, losing tens of thousands people killed, still more wounded, crippled, or contused. There were other South Ossetins who fled as refugees into North Ossetia and other locations in the Russian Federation.
-What can you say about South Ossetian Autonomy in the Georgian SSR?