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Abkhazia gives Georgia a chance07.09.2010 | 14:29
Abkhazia claims to be ready for dialogue with Georgia after sound peace is established in Caucasus, as it is believed in Sukhum. Abkhaz PM Sergey Shamba stated that relations with Tbilisi must be set up. Still, he thinks, it's premature to discuss it as long as Sakartvelo pursues its territorial claims. A non-aggression treaty would be the answer to all questions. But will Georgia agree?
"Georgia is our neighbor, - Sergey Shamba says. - Our problem with Tbilisi is that Georgia has always used force against Abkhazia never trying to solve issues by way of mutual concessions, taking into account our opinion". Abkhaz PM also believes that Georgia-proposed "Involvement Through Partnership" scheme continues a non-constructive policy which is far from the way to bring the trust of the Abkhaz society back.
The events of August 2008 were a convincing manifestation of Saakashvili regime's unpredictability. Particularly in connection with Ossetians and Abkhazians. The trouble is that a non-aggression treaty Sukhum and Tskhinval are actively discussing is totally rejected in Tbilisi. To be more correct, Georgian diplomats make repeated statements that no documents will be signed with the "occupied territories".
Formation of Georgian-Abkhaz-South Ossetian agreements has been a stumbling block at Geneva discussions over the past two years. As Boris Chochiev, RSO plenipotentiary for post-conflict settlement said, EU representatives in Geneva deliberately avoid discussing this issue notwithstanding the fact that the last clause of the well-known Medvedev-Sarkozy plan envisages creation of international stability and security guarantees in the new Transcaucasian republics.
"The EU evades implementation of Medvedev-Sarkozy plan that stipulates Georgia's obligations of non-use of force, - Chochiev believes. - They are trying to take Geneva discussions away from the issue and impose some additional, artificial questions and problems. The West is doing its best to take advantage of this schizo against South Ossetia, Abkhazia, and Russia".
Still, like Sergey Shamba, the South Ossetian diplomat thinks that good-neighborly relations with Georgia could be restarted one day on condition of valid non-aggression guarantees.
Not long ago Russia suggested that Georgia adopt a compromise: each country taking part in Geneva discussions would sign unilateral declarations on peaceful intentions to be passed to the UN. The scheme helps to avoid bilateral agreements Tbilisi is so scared of. Nonetheless, at first Georgia took a break to consider Russia's initiative and then turned it down.
GeorgiaTimes correspondent discussed prospects for creation of a really essential document with Abkhaz FM Maxim Gvinjia
Gvinjia: We do hope to have a non-aggression treaty signed. This is on our main agenda that we are trying to push through at Geneva discussions. We keep insisting on that, but Georgia, assisted by its Western patrons, constantly turns the agreement down openly showing its intention to solve Abkhazia's and South Ossetia's problem by force in the near future. Like two years ago, Georgia's actions are approved by Western countries, particularly the United States.
Do Russia-proposed unilateral declarations have a future?
Gvinjia: Certainly, this is a promising project after Georgia started declaring its rejection to sign any inter-state non-aggression documents with Abkhazia and South Ossetia to allegedly keep our authorities as illegitimate. Ok, sign unilateral declarations for the UN then! We don't insist on this way of acknowledging our independence. We gave sanction to it long ago. Peace is more important to us now. But even here the Georgian side backs off. Yes, we call Tbilisi to peace, but the system of international imperialism nurtures Georgia's different attitude.
Maxim Kharitonovich, can the Western mediators put pressure on Georgia threatening closure of Geneva discussions given their zero efficiency?
Gvinjia: I don't think any pressure will be put on Tbilisi, all things will continue the way they are.