Georgia securing itself28.12.2011 | 12:47
Georgian parliament officially declared Russia main enemy. Deputies have adopted a new national security framework stating that RF has "occupied the territory of the republic" and "organizes terroristic acts". Besides, Tbilisi leaves open the possibility of "new military aggression" implying recurrence of the August-2008 events. GTimes asked expert of the Institute of Strategic Assessment and Analysis Sergey Demidenko to comment on the Georgian parliament's decision.
The development of the new Georgian national security framework is over. In January, it was decided to improve the document that the Georgian politicians have not cast an eye upon since 2005 considering the changes in the regional situation. Initially, Georgian politicians stated that the framework only specifies priorities in the sphere of political security without naming the source of threat, though. "No danger is mentioned there; the point is the risk of resumption of military actions. Everything is possible since it has already happened once. However, the document contains no information about opportunities or expectations", - Director of the Georgian Security Council Department Lasha Darsalia explained.
In Russia, the new version of the document was taken skeptically. Leading expert of the Caucasian Department of the Institute of CIS Countries Ruslan Kharabua in his interview to GTimes characterized the attempts to change the framework as cheap populist actions aimed at proving one's loyalty to the West. "One has got to work out the money invested in Georgia. We should remember that Tbilisi is eager to get to NATO; this is the republic's main priority and the number-one task that the Georgian government wants to accomplish. On the way to its goal, Georgia will keep calling Russia an enemy so that the West could see it", - the interlocutor stressed.
Russia is mentioned 44 times on the 41st page of the adopted framework. As the first item of the "Threats, risks and challenges" section goes, "the occupation by RF of the Georgian territories, organization of terroristic acts from these territories and new aggression" present the main danger to Tbilisi. "RF's main purpose is to turn Georgia into a failed state; besides, it is to create obstacles to the realization of the republic's European and Euro-Atlantic choice and "bring Georgia back into Russia sphere of influence by force", - the document reads.
According to the framework, The United States and European Union remain Georgia's main strategic allies, Azerbaijan being the one in the post-Soviet space. As is known, President of the country Mikhail Saakashvili has many times mentioned the possibility of setting up a confederacy with Baku in the Caucasus and the importance of the two republics' further integration. Though, in the opinion of some political experts, the main threat to Tbilisi is represented by Azerbaijan and Armenia, for if anything happens in Nagorny Karabakh it will really affect the whole situation in the region.
Finally, the new Georgian national security framework mentions the necessity of the republic's entrance in NATO and active cooperation with the Baltic States, as well as the Eastern and Central Europe, specifically, with the member-states of the EU initiative called Eastern Partnership.
According to the Russian MFA, the Georgian document did not come as a surprise to Moscow. In the opinion of the Russian diplomats, Georgia's current government is consistently forming an image of enemy represented by RF. "Saakashvili needs it for his own evident purposes. In August 2008 he put an end to Georgia's territorial integrity with his criminal actions and now he is trying to avoid responsibility for ruining the country and by distracting the people's attention from a complicated socio-economic situation in the country. It is nothing but propagandistic camouflage", - Commersant is citing an unnamed source in the Russian foreign policy administration.
GTimes came in touch with expert of the Institute of Strategic Assessment and Analysis Sergey Demidenko and asked him to comment upon the Georgian parliamentarians' decision. According to the political expert, nothing has changed in the foreign policy of the current Georgian government. "This is the crucial point of Saakashvili's team. In his opinion, Russia is putting brakes on the processes of Georgia's economic and political development. The current president of the republic came to power on this anti-Russian wave and the anti-Russian sentiments have grown stronger among the most active political class of Georgia. So there is no point in waiting for the situation to change. The whole Georgian international framework is based on Russophobia", - he said.