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Kosovo goes to freedom06.02.2012 | 14:14
Kosovo's parliament has adopted a resolution providing the complete independence of the partially recognized state by the end of this year. This revolutionary change has not been really noticed in the world. Until now, much of the functions of government were in the hands of foreign authorities. But in Pristina believe that it is time to determine the true owner of the territory. GTimes has been looking for an answer to the question, what is the solution of the Kosovo authorities to get rid of custody - a demarche or an action agreed with Europe.
The resolution says that the era of "managed independence" in the life of Kosovo is approaching to the end. Parliament of the partially recognized country has supported the resolution with an overwhelming majority, while the Prime Minister of Kosovo Hashim Thaci called the decision "the beginning of the full independence of Kosovo and the final stage of international observation". Now the main question is: was the decision agreed with the international community or was it a move of Pristina, designed to show who's boss?
Serbian province came under UN administration long time ago, in 1999, after bloody clashes between Albanians and Serbs. From the standpoint of the struggle for the independence of the autonomy, it was definitely the right step. The region was removed from the jurisdiction of Serbia; the entire system of civil administration has been built in accordance with UN standards. Even if the project of the external region management would have failed, the international structures would never have admitted it. But the main thing is personal contacts between Pristina elite and influential figures in European politics. In principle, the path to independence of the region has already been opened that time, when the administration unrelated to Serbia had appeared in Kosovo.
Now in the autonomy, recognized by one third of the countries of the world, Kosovo Force (KFOR) including contingents of many states, the core of which consists of the NATO countries, is providing the security. Russia completed its participating in the operation in 2003. European Union Rule of Law Mission (EULEX) is working there. One can say the external region management, carried out under UN auspices, is standing on these two "pillars".
A separate question is how successful the external control is. The legal ground of the international presence in Kosovo is based on the UN Security Council Resolution #1244. This resolution consists of many sections, including - the need to ensure the return of hundreds of thousands of refugees. The external administration has failed at least this task, but it has created favorable conditions for movement toward independence.
Kosovo declared its independence in 2008, but nothing has essentially changed. The main functions of management are in the hands of the UN administration. Police and justice system, civil administration, the formation of civic institutions and democratization, economic reconstruction and economic development are under UN authority. That is, quite frankly, everything.
We agree with the fact that it is humiliating state for the authors of an independent Kosovo.
Thus, there's nothing unexpected in the resolution of the Parliament. Sooner or later, Kosovo had to try to shake off the external shackles. From this perspective, these events seem to be a demarche. On the other hand, let's remember that nothing "senseless" has occurred in the modern history of the region. For example, the parliament unilaterally declared independence in 2008, but in 2010, the court in The Hague decided to consider this act legal. Political observer of the publication Pravda.ru Vadim Trukhachev also doubts that Pristina had dared to disobey the West. He is well aware of the situation there and believes that this step was agreed.
"Not only this decision, but the story as a whole consists of a lot of nuances, not very noticeable at first glance. I am sure that the resolution would not have appeared without the consent of the specific world powers. For example, Germany. Let us remember that historically, the vector of German foreign policy is focused on the Balkans and Eastern Europe as a whole. And in this regard, the Germans consider the Serbs historical opponents. Therefore, Germany's support for Kosovo is historically justified and clear. And I think that Germany might be behind this decision", Vadim Trukhachev believes.
The political observer also brings a different version of why the international structures had made concessions to Pristina. He attributes this to the Albanian mafia, active and influential in Europe; no one wants to run counter to its interests.
In principle, the whole situation got beneficial to Kosovo. June this year is the deadline for the mandate of the EULEX, and if the Europeans are not against the full freedom of Kosovo, it is time to transfer all the powers of law enforcement structures to the local police. By the way, it is so in practice. The functions of public administration are being passed to local authorities not for the first year.