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Thursday, 19 April 2018


Nagorno-Karabakh: Repressions in several generations

19.04.2012  |  14:50

Nagorno-Karabakh recalls "Operation Ring". That time many thousands of people of Armenian origin were expelled from several regions of Nagorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan with the help of Soviet troops. Repression affected population of several areas. In Nagorno-Karabakh there is a law that allows these people to receive compensation.


In April 1991, when Moscow still believed that the Soviet Union could be saved, in the Nagorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan ethnic division was going full swing. The "Operation Ring" in the spring and summer of 1991 "cleaned" some regions of Azerbaijan and a number of settlements in Karabakh from the Armenians. However, later the Armenian forces managed to regain control over some parts of these areas, and people were able to return to their homes, many of which had turned into ashes in many cases. In Nagorno-Karabakh, there is the law "On the Repressed" allowing these people to receive benefits from the state.

Deputy Justice Minister of Nagorno-Karabakh Karen Danielian said that the law has appeared after numerous requests from people in 1999, when a need to resolve their status ripened. More than half have of those who has received this status had suffered in the late 80s - early 90s, primarily as a result of "Operation Ring". But the law applies to victims of repression of the first half of last century.

"Operation Ring" affected thousands of people. Someone has lost homes and property, and many were arrested. However, as a result of the war, justice has been restored, but only partially. People managed to come back to those areas where jurisdiction of Nagorno-Karabakh was restored. But the residents of the Shaumyanovsiy region and several large villages, which remained under the control of Azerbaijan, failed to return. The state has provided significant benefits for them.

"If a repressed person has lost housing, the state may grant him the land for housing or a loan on favorable terms", the Deputy Minister of Justice Karen Danielian. But those who have got the opportunity to return to their homes, they have also got good benefits from the state. That is monthly financial assistance or a one-time financial assistance equivalent to 12 average wages. They also have the right to obtain citizenship of the of NKR under a simplified procedure; military and academic degrees, as well as reward, also can be restored.

So far, only 244 persons have received the status of the repressed. It is clear that actually there are much more of these people.

In Azerbaijan, it is believed that the Soviet troops actively assisted the Armenian forces to achieve victory in the Karabakh war. But "Operation Ring", which was held by Soviet army with the assistance of the Azerbaijani OMON, shows that, at least in one case, the sympathy of the Soviet leadership was not on the Armenian side. And the "Operation Ring" has practically repeated the mass deportations of people of mid-40s of last century, familiar to many Soviet people. Thank God, justice has prevailed at least partially.


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