North Caucasian strategy changes the goals25.04.2012 | 15:26
Plenipotentiary envoy in the North Caucasus Federal District (NCFD) Alexander Khloponin flees to the capital. He may be replaced by Rashid Nurgaliev, who can be resigned as Minister of Internal Affairs. This means that the policy of carrot in relation to the Caucasus will be replaced with a stick. In addition, the District is being enlarged, diluting the national republics not only with Stavropol, but the Krasnodar Region and the Rostov Region. Return to normal is a natural result of ill-conceived Caucasian policy.
Apparatus of the plenipotentiary envoy in South Federal District, as it became known to journalists, is preparing to disband. Rostov, Krasnodar and Adygea enter into NCFD, Volgograd, Astrakhan and Kalmykia - into the Volga District.
The changes will take place as expected in May. The rapidity of decision is surprising, but the logic of events in the Caucasus has been predicted in advance. Vladimir Putin, who visited Pyatigorsk during the race, promised global change, as realized the inefficiency of region management.
"Feeding of the Caucasus" has not led to the creation of a strong economy, as it was planned by "effective manager" Khloponin. It does not weaken the terrorist threat, but led to outrage of the other Russian regions, which are no less in need of donations.
Now, security forces may return to the Caucasus, and 11 million of Russian residents of Krasnodar and Rostov will be added to the NCFD. Caucasian Cossack line is happy from the reformatting of the district because this will help to overcome the decadent mood. "Krasnodar and Rostov are rich regions, plus grain opportunities of Stavropol. Anyway, Rostov and Krasnodar never had close cooperation with Astrakhan and Volgograd", a source in the Cossack society told GTimes, adding that Stavropol would be better capital of the district. "Investor will come to Rostov - and he will be surrounded by the governor of Rostov region, who can influence the decision of where to do business".
Political analyst, Chairman of the Public Chamber of the Stavropol Sergei Popov believes the return of Rostov and Krasnodar a logical outcome of Khloponin's activity. "In 2005, as a member of the embassy, I was preparing Forum of the people of the Caucasus in Sochi. That time, representative of General Viktor Kazantsev was changed to Vladimir Yakovlev, the former mayor of St. Petersburg. At the same time, Putin said that the military phase in the North Caucasus was over, and we begin to build peace. But since then the situation has not improved", the expert said in an interview to GTimes. "There is a redeployment of troops, and counterterrorist operations in Dagestan and Kabarda are being carried out every day, Chechnya is also restless. So the idea to solve problems in the NCFD quickly through the strategy for socio-economic development has not justified itself for two years".
Popov stressed that Khloponin really had the administrative resource, only "five percent" of which he used; but there were no funds to implement his plan. For example, they declared support of the Russian population to prevent de-Russification of the North Caucasus, but "nothing has been done ... and there is no legal basis for this since the Russians have no constitution". However, other autochthonous peoples in NCFD have imagined themselves masters of the Stavropol region and arranged victorious lezginka.
"That's why today it is quite clear that the experience of establishing NCFD was unsuccessful", the analyst said.
When asked, what about the idea of holding Olympic Games in 2014 in the district without terrorism, Sergei Popov answered that this maneuver had not justified itself. Terrorist activity has only increased in the South and has remained geographically close to Sochi.
They have to return to strong-arm tactics, so Nurgaliev will be very helpful in the North Caucasus. But was it right to abandon the policy of the appeasement with ruble? Sergei Popov believes that it is necessary to combine both methods. "Corruption is a breeding ground for terrorism. Stratification occurs in the republics, and people go into the mountains. This is not an external influence or influence of Saudi Arabia. There is a stratification of elites on religious principle. And most importantly, the alienation from the general population, as it happens in Dagestan, for example. They have nothing to eat in the mountains, and palaces are being built in Makhachkala.
In the Caucasus, corruption takes many ugly forms. In this respect, federal government cannot restore order, to supress the elite, caught stealing, because it happens all over Russia. First, you need to restore order in Moscow, where the major kickback of the subsidies that are allocated to the Caucasus take place. Well, and the policy of allocating big money ended with demonstrations "Stop feeding the Caucasus" in Moscow".