Azerbaijan does not want war with Iran08.08.2012 | 14:33
Deployement of 7 radar stations in the Azerbaijani sector of the Caspian sea has become a widely discussed topic in the region. Tehran is observing the process especially closely. The tension in relations between Iran and the West leaves its mark on this process. The repeated statements of some officials of Iran that allegedly the southern neighbor may cause a military strike on Azerbaijan, underlines the seriousness of the situation once again.
For the sake of justice it is worth noting, that the Supreme leadership of Iran in the face of the spiritual leader of the country, the President and the Minister of Foreign Affairs denies such statements. But in the modern history of the relations between the two countries there were the facts of violation of the border by the air forces of Iran.
The issue with the deployement of the radar on the Caspian Sea has found its reflection in the report of the U.S. Department of State for 2011. It has positively enough estimated the activity of the law enforcement agencies of Azerbaijan, connected with the persecution of groups suspected of terrorist activities, and their intermediaries, acting on the territory of Azerbaijan. Also there has been marked the progress in strengthening the security of country's land and maritime borders. The deployement of the radar stations reflects the situation in association with the second issue. According to the Department of State, the stations will be used by the NAVY, coast guard and border police for the maritime reconnaissance and combat terrorism and smuggling.
But flattering words in address of Azerbaijan - this is only a part of what Baku is expecting from the United States. Political scientist Gabil Huseynli believes that the deployemrnt of seven radar stations cannot solve all the tasks, since the main work of Azerbaijan on the Caspian Sea is rather linked to the security of the oil and gas fields, in which invested approximately $ 80 billion.
Despite efforts to diversify the economy, as of today, the budget of Azerbaijan in many respects is dependent on this source of revenue. And here the interests of the West and Baku are similar: they both have made great investment and earn income from this sector. However, the Republic of Azerbaijan buys and installs equipment, which must ensure the security in this sector by their own; at the same time they face a ban on the purchase of necessary additional equipment.
Radar system must ensure detection of objects, which can pose a potential threat to the interests of the country and security as a whole. These can be simple smugglers or actual terrorists, who can use high-speed boats, developing a speed of over 120 km per hour, which can be used by the suicide bombers, as well as for delivery of rockets of a class "ground-to-ground". In both cases, each radar, with a range of up to 100 km, can detect a potential threat.
Is it possible to use the new radar in carrying out during a military operation against Iran? Gabil Huseynli denies such a possibility, despite the fact that some analysts have a different position on this issue. In their opinion, creation of a network of American radars on the Caspian Sea needs to be regarded in connection with the forthcoming military operation against Iran. Therefore, capacity building for control over Iran from the territory of Azerbaijan is one of the key factors of this military strategy.
According to Huseynli, two irrefutable facts can serve the arguments against this statement. First, radars are located not only on the border with Iran, but throughout the perimeter of the Azerbaijan sector of the Caspian Sea. Secondly, if the U.S. is going to use them from the territory of Azerbaijan against Iran, then why the Azerbaijani side pays for them? These two factors is sufficient to justify unprovedness of this version.