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Dagestan follows the straight and narrow11.09.2012 | 14:21
The fact that Dagestan is being torn by bloody contradictions is known, but only few know how to get out of the vicious circle of problems. Recently, the Human Rights Center "Memorial" published its recommendations to local officials in the form of the book "A New Course of Magomedov?" The authors proposed the strengthening of control over the law enforcement agencies and to make human rights a priority. Earlier, the economists drew up "Strategy for the year 2025" for Dagestan, declaring the main task the material well-being of the country. But separate tips do not help, so experts urge Dagestani authorities to bring experts from outside and create a "roadmap" to drive Dagestan out of the deadlock.
"Roadmap" for Dagestan may be developed by the lawyer Rasul Kadiev and his associates. Without it, uncoordinated recommendations to the authorities, he believes, will not reach the desired effect.
Lawyer has criticized recommendations by the Human Rights Center "Memorial" in the report "A New Course of Magomedov?" According to him, there's no sense, for example, to impose personal control of the president of the republic over the proceedings against lawyers, since the law enforcement agencies report directly to Moscow. Also, Kadiev says, there's no sense to demand from the country's Prosecutor General's Office to verify the legality of cases on participation in illegal armed groups: "I believe such recommendations like to organize a large-scale inspection by the Prosecutor General's Office in Dagestan, it is like to say that the system works normally throughout the country, but not in Dagestan. That is not true, of course".
Experts in various fields, according to Rasul Kadiev, must work together not only to ascertain the facts and assign lofty goals, but also to find ways that can improve the situation. All of this could be reflected only in the "roadmap".
The idea of such an instrument for Dagestan was voiced by Dmitry Medvedev during his presidency. He told the new head of the republic Magomedsalam Magomedov: "In addition to the knowledge of these problems, you need to prepare a kind of a "roadmap" to solve them. I hope you'll be able to prepare it".
Some experts in Dagestan, including economist Michael Chernyshov, started a debate on the "roadmap" in the media, but the authorities were not interested in it. They jumped at the idea of building a "tourism cluster" and put all the dreams into the "Strategy of socio-economic development" at first for 2020 and then for 2025. For example, Chernyshov wrote that economic statistics, built from this strategy, was "inflated", and therefore the entire document is unworkable.
Now it is clear that the course of economic development generally cannot be realized in the absence of civil harmony and peace in Dagestan. But you cannot solve these problems through some human rights recommendations. So Dagestan requires complex treatment, which must be prescribed by the experts in various fields.
"In the regions of the NCFD (North Caucasian Federal District - Ed.) there's no such programs capable to respond to the socio-economic challenges, reflect the political situation and some territorial issues", Kadiev believes. In a conversation with GTimes reporter he admitted that the term "roadmap" was borrowed from Chernyshov: "Michael is a specialist in the field of management; he spoke about the map as a "step-by-step" document. It won't be a vague document that sets goals and objectives, but it will describe how and why we'll achieve those goals. Strategy - this is a kind of letter of intent. And the roadmap sets the deadlines, functions, tasks and activities, as well as the person in charge".
Both Dagestani experts and experts from abroad might have developed the roadmap. "State agencies of federal or republican government can be the customer. Allocation of money for this would be an incentive for serious experts. For example, Irina Starodubrovskaya (the head of "Political Economy and Regional Development", Institute for Economic Policy n.a. Yegor Gaidar - Ed.), Denis Sokolov (expert of the research center RAMCOM), Kostya Kazenin, very prominent expert on Dagestan. This work would be of their interest", Kadiev said.
Generally speaking, Kadiev and other experts from various public and governmental organizations, interested in the fate of their homeland, have long been dreaming of gathering experts on Dagestani problems in some "expert club". This idea of an analog of the Valdai Club is already partially implemented. "Chernyshov implemented it in the form of an "expert board", which took place on the second day of the Dagestan Economic Forum in Moscow. There have been reports in the field of economics, sociology and humanitarian development in Dagestan. I reported on the role of law enforcement agencies in the development of the country", Rasul Kadiev says. "In addition, our idea is implemented in the project "Dagestan Civilian University". We invite experts, and they meet with the students of the project, sometimes even the officials. It is a lively exchange of views. This is an attempt to form a real, not imaginary expert base in the republic and bring together experts and decision-makers".