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Caucasus: Cheap labor force23.11.2012 | 19:58
"At home they rode only donkeys, and in Moscow they drive cars". This is how the State Duma deputy Jaroslav Nilov described illegal immigrants - bus and minibus drivers in the capital, during discussion of the draft amendments to the labor legislation of Russia in the Parliament of the Russian Federation. After the adoption of the amendments all state-owned enterprises and private entrepreneurs of the country will be banned to employ those, who are not citizens of the Russian Federation and has no driving license of the Russian sample. First of all this innovation will affect bus transport in Moscow.
"Not so long ago there was an incident on Leninsky Prospekt. A minibus operated by a driver of intolerant nationality, hit a biker and then a bus stop", the head of the informal association of bikers of Moscow Arseny Raiskiy told the "Big Caucasus". "Even traffic cops were angry at the driver. He denied his guilt and showed complete ignorance of the Russian language, and was very rude. I should state that such drivers mostly carry Muscovites in minibuses. Situation with buses and trolleybuses is better", said Arseny Raiskiy.
Moscow resident Kovalev, the driver engaged in cargo transportation, agrees with the bikers leader. "As an experienced driver and a resident of Moscow, I am against the fact that migrants work on buses or minibuses", said Konstantin.
"Why do our city transport companies trust transport to such people? Answer lies in the corruption component of the transport companies", Konstantin Kovalev continues. "The company "PEK" is an example. All the drivers out there are migrants from the "southern" regions. For such work a Moskow resident would demand 50-60 thousand rubles, and migrants in fact get 20,000 and live in the garage for vehicle maintenance, eat trash, and most of the wages send home.
I cannot say that all migrant drivers are bad people. They are all different. Dagestanis are usually honest, hardworking. They correctly say that "the Caucasus is the force". It's actually cheap labor force for Moscow and region companies drowning in corruption. But there are less of the Caucasians in minibus business than Tajiks or Uzbeks. Tajiks and Uzbeks are slaves here".
Defender Bakhrom Khamroyev has told the edition about the drivers from Central Asia. "Migrants from Central Asia in Moscow are slaves for their employers and those of his countrymen, who had "rented out" him in Moscow. Tajiks and Uzbeks have no rights, they even do not have passports", said Bakhrom Khamroev.
Moscow law enforcement has developed its informal rating of the level of law-abiding among the migrants. In the first place there are people of Georgia, Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Several years ago, Moscow police notified the transport companies about raids to detect illegal workers there. All the national diasporas were aware. All Georgian drivers, who had no work permit, resigned themselves. Residents of Abkhazia and Ossetia have no problem, since every second of them has Russian passport, they quickly adapt to life in Moscow and try to gain a foothold here.
Legal situation with the Georgians is much more complicated. "We have no data on Georgians who get official work permit in Russia and get employed as migrants", the "Union of Georgians of Russia" stated the "Big Caucasus". "Between Russia and Georgia there are no diplomatic relations, so there are no labor visas, quotas and so on. We believe that Georgians get job here as illegal workers or acquire the work and residence permit in Russia by not quite legal means. There are Georgians who soon after arrival to the Russian Federation acquire Russian citizenship. Either they marry with Russian citizens or become Russian citizens some other ways".
After previous anti-migrants raids on transport firms we have learnt that many migrant drivers had managed to do "left" income during working hours.