Khinkali relations, or Why do Russians flee from Dagestan26.11.2012 | 13:20
Dagestan government is concerned over the exodus of the Russian population from the republic. Officials have estimated that if the demographic picture does not change then after eight years there is lack of representatives of the state-forming people of Russia. Few Russian can organize themselves to defend their interests, to get used to Islamization and integrate into the "khinkali relationships". Our interlocutor, a member of the Board of the Youth Policy of the North Caucasian Federal District (NCFD) Roman Dedin, still has succeded in it.
Under the government of Dagestan there is a special commission on the Russian-speaking population. From time to time it brings the sad statistics on the reduction in the Russian populaiton. In Soviet times, the Russians were the majority in the northern part of Dagestan, which was considered a "genuine Russian region". And now, as announced at the recent meeting of the committee by the Deputy Minister for National Policy, Religious Affairs and External Relations Deputy Chairman of the Coordination Council for the North Region, Oleg Artyukhov, the share of the Russians has decreased from 74 percent to 19.7 percent.
But the commission on Russian-speaking population, as well as the Coordination Council for North Region,has existed for years. A Russians' outflow continues. Resident of Kizlyar, a board member of the Youth Policy NCFD Roman Dedin told the "Big Caucasus" about why bureaucratic measures do not help.
- On the one hand, Dagestani authorities are doing something. We have a commission for Russian-speaking population, for the Cossacks. But no one knows what to do, no one understands what they are moving for. They areconsistently monitoring the situation: how many Russians work, in what public institutions. Sometimes things reach the point of absurdity. If the Russian fired for cause, people intercede for him: "Do not dismiss him, he is Russian".
In Dagestan, there are 3 percent of Russian population, and in Kizlyar, in a so-called "Russian district" - 12-13 percent of Russians. We see domestic substitution of domestic population due to the mass migration from the mountains to the plains. And the local population, the same Nogais, go to the North, to Surgut and Tyumen. We have no good job, and people are looking for a good life. And of course we are experiencing a total Islamization is taking place.
In 90s, Kizlyar deputies decided not to register unnecessary people, mountain people, to regulate internal migration. But no one executed it. And now in earlier purely Russian villages there's not a single Russian about them. Now the people from mountainous areas have populated the region. If we take Tarumovsky district - it's basically populated by Dargins.
- Well, they have descended from the mountains not from good life, right?
- Yes, here you can even drive the cattle to the steppe, where it is grazing. Another point is that the peoples of Dagestan have the concept of mutual assistance. One even cannot rely on the Russians officials. It is easier to go to Avars and deal.
We have great claims to the diocese. Last year, I think six priests have left. Not because someone threatens them. They do not want to work in small parishes. We have a new church in the village on the coast, where 80 percent of the Russian population live, and there is no priest. The church in general is not engaged in educational work. We have got here the Islamic universities, leaflets, newspapers, glossy magazines, while the Orthodox Church has only Sunday school at the church.
- I've once spoken with a Cossack chieftain Nicholas Spirin, and he said the problem was not in the shepherd, but in the fact that the congregation was leaving.
- It is clear, but in the present circumstances, why the Islamic mullahs go to the people, and our priest is sitting in church? Yes, we have moved away from the church, but it is necessary to return. Now there are lots of Islamic websites, Islamic TV, and the Russians have none.
- That is, Russians feel uncomfortable in Islamic society?
- Of course, uncomfortable. Here we see constant clashes between supporters of traditional Islam and Salafis. Now near my house there is being built Salafi mosque. They have bought a private house on six acres. Everybody knows about it. These moments are so difficult.
- And in terms of safety, how comfortable it is?
- I would not divide the Russians and Dagestanis. I cannot say someone hurts Russians. More often clashes between the law enforcers and bandit underground, as well as traditional Islamists and the radicals take place. And there are so few Russians that no one hurts them.
- Do your peers leave?
- Yes, many people are leaving. Dagestani are also leaving. But Dagestani population is being replenished. Right now, my godfather has registered in Georgievsk, Stavropol Territory, and looking for job.
- Do you have any suggestions how to keep the Russians in Dagestan?