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Innovative Gulag for migrant workers06.12.2012 | 21:07
In early December, this winter, when the snow fell in Moscow, in the north-east of the capital the street cleaners-Tajiks went on strike. 26 migrant workers demanded from their superiors to give them the earned money. It turned out that the last time they were paid a "compensation" of 3000 rubles in June. However, in response the authorities summoned the FMS (Federal Migration Service), since all Tajiks had been working illegally.
"People did not go on strike, they were protecting their own interests, wanted their honestly earned money", Karomat Sharipov, the head of the public association "Tajik migrant workers" (TTM) told the Big Caucasus. "During a heavy snowfall in Moscow, they were waiting for the promised money, wanted to go home. Our organization supported fellows, agreed on sending them back home. We went to the place where they live in the area of metro station "Shchelkovskaya". We talked to our fellow countrymen, listened to their opinions, and watched the conditions of their lives".
Conditions, according to Sharipov, were unacceptable. "They live in the former motor pool. In the former production facility there are three-tiered bunks. Room does not meet the health standards. But migrants had agreed on this, as long as they were paid the money that they send to their families in Tajikistan. During this time the enterprise where they worked changed the director. One director, leaving, loaded all the works to another, and he forgot about street cleaners, because he was busy with other work. Many housing and construction companies have owed the citizens of Tajikistan 22 million rubles for two years. One boss does not want to pay the workers, since his predecessor owes them, and so on. When it came to the protest, the authorities chose a simple way - they summoned the FMS", Karomat Sharipov us.
Then the head of the TTM explained under what scheme the company had been paying the workers for their labor. In this scheme, the leading role was played by intermediaries between the company and workers. Sometimes, the intermediaries are Russians, sometimes - a visitor from Tajikistan living in Russia for a long time. In the press these intermediaries are often called "the Tajik-Russian mafia". An intermediary gives the worker money. Averagely, per-hour Tajik street cleaner gets 56 rubles, which he sees not every month, and sometimes even not in full. The last time the street cleaners from the RG-18 got 3000 rubles, and this was in June. After that, the workers have not seen the money at all. "How can they go to work, clean the many kilometers of territory, if they have nothing to eat?"
The area entrusted to the Tajiks is really large. You're unlikely to clean even a quarter on an empty stomach. However Tajiks went out until December, compliantly cleaned the courtyards, areas around the schools and kindergartens. "Our people will not protest and denounce anyone, since they are not enemies to themselves. They know it would even harder to find a job", the head of the TTM told the Big Caucasus.
Further Sharipov told about his general vision of the situation around the migrants from Central Asia to Russia. "Labor patent, introduced on July 1, 2010, which the migrant acquires from the FMS, allows the foreign worker working only for small and medium businesses. And these enterprises are practically unable to obtain quotas for labor migrants. When distributing the quotas they prefer large companies", Sharipov explains.
"Since the state fee for the migrant to receive a "work permit" amounts 2000 rubles, and the migrants acquire them for an amount of 20 to 25 thousand rubles, billions Russian rubles are in the shadow of criminal activity on the labor market of foreign labor today. In 2012 there has been allocated almost half a million quotas. Given that the state received 4 billion rubles as a tax on labor in 2012, in fact they have legalized 4 million workers. Only half of the flow is legal migrants. Others are immigration law violators. Yesterday they could be fined and deported by the Federal Migration Service of Russia, but after toughening the punishment for violation of immigration laws 5 million former Soviet citizens may find themselves in prison. Someone is obviously itching to create an innovative Russian gulag. And as a free labor they are going to send there migrant workers and mid-level entrepreneurs, repressed for violating immigration laws. Migrants are not only Tajiks. This is army of millions of Uzbeks, Kyrgyzs, Turkmens, Kazakhs", Karomat Sharipov told the Big Caucasus.