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Monday, 18 June 2018


18 years ago “Tbilisi war’ started

2009-12-22 14:27

Tbilisi war, the armed confrontation between supporters of the first President of Georgia, Zviad Gamsakhurdia, and his opposition, started 18 years ago.


On December 22nd 1991, at 7:30 a.m., armed groupings of opposition under commandment of Tengiz Kitovani, the National Guard head, 2and Tengiz Sigua, the ex-PM, entered Rustaveli Avenue. For 2 weeks they had been blocking the Supreme Council building with President Gamsakhurdia and his supporters inside - Novosti-Gruzia.

Tbilisi war lasted for 15 days, in result of the confrontation with the use of grenade launchers, firearms and heavy machinery about 100 people were killed, hundreds were left homeless, unique historic buildings in Rustaveli Avenue were ruined.

On January 6th Gamsakhurdia and his supporters fled to Chechnya, a civil war followed.

As Gamsakhurdia left the country, Georgia came under rule of the Military Council [aforesaid Sigua, Kitovani, and Jaba Ioseliani, the head of Mkhedrioni armed group].

On March 7th 1992 Eduard Shevardnadze, the ex-Foreign Minister of the USSR, returned to Georgia. On march 10th he headed the State Council of the Defense of Georgia.

From 1992 to 1995 he was the chairman of the Parliament and the head of the State Council; from 1995 to 2003 - the President.


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