Medvedev has ratified the agreement on military bases in Abkhazia and South Ossetia
Today, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev ratified an agreement on joint military bases in Abkhazia and South Ossetia. RIA Novosti reported this with reference to the Kremlin press service. Medvedev explained today after a meeting with the head of Abkhazia Alexander Ankvab, "Today I signed a law ratifying the agreement on our military base". According to Medvedev, cooperation in military and border areas between Russia and Abkhazia is the key to security in the region.
It is worth mentioning that the agreements were adopted by State Duma on September 22 this year, and approved by Federation Council on September 28.
In particular, the documents govern the jurisdiction in respect of joint Russian military bases in Abkhazia and South Ossetia. In addition, they establish order of usage military formations of military bases in cooperation with the armed forces to protect the republics' sovereignty and security of Russian Federation, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, as well as many other aspects of military cooperation. Documents also govern the constant presence of Russian troops in the republic for 49 years. Later, agreements will be extended for a 15-year periods.
Recall, Russia recognized the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia on August 26, 2008. This was preceded by entry of Georgian troops into South Ossetia on August 8. As a result of military aggression by the Georgia, Tskhinval was almost completely destroyed, over 200 civilians and peacekeepers were killed. In response, Russia conducted an operation to force Georgia to peace and to protect Russian citizens.
Later, Russia signed intergovernmental agreements on friendship, cooperation and mutual assistance with two Transcaucasian republics on the basis of which Abkhazia and South Ossetia recieved Russian military contingent, which is called in Sukhum and Tskhinval "the only guarantor of security" in the Caucasus.