Experts: piracy is profitable to Somali authorities
Much of the money of Somali pirates goes to the development of urban infrastructure of Somalia, expert of the British University of Brunel said in the report.
The author of the report Angie Shortland studied the effect of piracy on life in Somalia, basing on the satellite pictures and analyzing the various economic indicators, including even the market prices for cattle.
The expert drew attention to how actively the infrastructure of cities Garowe and Bossaso in the north of the country, where it is believed, the leaders of the pirate gangs prefer to settle, developed in recent years. "We don't see (in these cities), palaces and pools", Shortland said. According to her, the money earned by pirates in ransom, go to the development of these cities. New homes, radio towers are built there, in Garowe there was built a new mosque.
At the same time, Shortland concluded that local pirates have nothing to do with the radical Islamist group "Al-Shabab", though some experts attribute this connection to them.
"They are very smart businessmen. I have not found evidence of their relationship (with Al-Shabab)", Shortland said, noting that local pirates know that the alliance with the terrorists can lead to undesirable consequences in form of military actions by foreign governments which are struggling against terrorism.
Somali pirates are a major threat to the international maritime traffic. Somalia cannot cope with the problem of piracy, as in fact does not exist as a unified state since 1991 after the fall of the dictatorial regime of Siad Barre, who ruled from the late 1960s.
Currently, the fight against pirates in the western Indian Ocean is being waged as part of the navy of the EU mission "Atalanta" and NATO operation Ocean Shield, launched in 2009. During the operation Ocean Shield, in addition to the primary task of combating piracy, it is also expected to help countries in the region to start their own activity to combat pirates, RIA Novosti reported.